Propane is clean and environmentally friendly.

That’s good, but energy is a complex topic leading to myths and misunderstandings – a few of which we address below.

Myth #1: Propane is not safe for the environment.

Actually, propane is a liquid when stored, but when released into the air, it vaporizes and dissipates. This unique characteristic means it cannot contaminate groundwater, drinking water, marine ecosystems or sensitive habitat if released. When it vaporizes into the air, it produces virtually no ozone-harming effects and unlike natural gas, is not a greenhouse gas in its un-combusted state.

Myth #2: Electricity is better than fossil fuels.

First and foremost, electrification doesn’t automatically mean de-carbonization. Electricity must be generated by a primary energy source. In the U.S., the largest primary energy sources used for electricity generation are natural gas and coal. Second, it’s important to note that once generated, electricity has to be immediately transmitted through power lines. As it travels from its generation source, the electrons flowing through the power lines encounter resistance and lose energy. This means to get one unit of electricity to a site (wherever the plug is located), it takes three units of source energy. Propane is different. According to the Department of Energy’s Energy Star program, propane has a source-site ratio of 1.01. It is delivered to a location rather than transmitted or piped, so virtually no energy is lost in the transfer. It’s also worth noting that the flexible sizing of propane storage means sensitive habitat can remain undisturbed, eliminating the need for pipelines or high-voltage power line installation.

Myth #3: Propane isn't a renewable energy.

Stand by to be surprised. For several years, Propane Education & Research Council has been committed to finding a way to manufacture propane from renewable sources. The bar we set for ourselves was that the feedstock had to be inexpensive and abundant, it had to have low carbon intensity, it had to deliver a high-energy conversion so BTU’s aren’t wasted, and finally, it had to be price competitive. We’ve done it.

Bio-diesel refineries can produce renewable propane from animal fats and cooking oils before they are made into bio-diesel. These products used to be landfilled without regard. Now, they have new life in an extended way. What our research has found is that renewable propane has an ultra-low carbon intensity. Agricultural byproducts –– biomass for example –– will likely provide the ability to make renewable propane at scale. And because renewable propane’s chemical structure and physical properties are the same as propane produced from fossil fuels, renewable propane can be used for all the same applications.

Myth #4: Propane is not a clean energy.

It’s fair to say there’s no perfect energy. Even renewables like solar, wind and hydroelectric have negative environmental effects, but when it comes to carbon emissions, propane is one of the cleanest. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) shows that in comparison to a few other widely used fuels, propane is one of the lowest in carbon emissions per million BTUs. Here’s a summary table:

For a comprehensive comparison of fuel types, please visit:

Myth #5: Propane is not energy efficient.

Not accurate, especially when compared to other fuels. Liquid propane has a higher energy density than ethanol, methanol and liquefied natural gas. This means propane vehicles go farther on a tank of fuel than most other liquid alternative fuels, assuming comparable equipment efficiency. Because electricity is a secondary energy source, generated by the use of a primary energy source, it’s not accurate to say that electricity is the most environmentally-friendly fuel available. According to EIA, about 24% of electricity in the U.S. in 2019 was produced by the burning of coal.

Myth #6: Propane isn't a safe fuel for vehicles.

Just like conventional vehicles, propane vehicles must comply with all applicable regulations, including Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. Compared to gasoline and diesel, propane has a higher autoignition temperature (the point at which a gas or vapor can ignite in air without a spark or flame being present), making unintentional autoignition much less likely.

Myth #7: Using propane causes air pollution.

You might be surprised by how much cleaner tailpipe emissions are from propane-powered engines than others. In a real-world study conducted by West Virginia University, propane autogas school buses reduce smog-producing emissions by cutting 96 percent more nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions compared with clean diesel buses.

Propane autogas passenger vehicles can emit up to 36% fewer NOx emissions than diesel vehicles, and propane autogas passenger cars can emit 70% fewer sulfur oxide emissions and up to 45% less particulate matter than electric passenger cars throughout the full fuel cycle.

Myth #8: Propane isn't really any better than diesel or gasoline.

Propane fuel has a lower carbon content than conventional gasoline and diesel fuel. That’s why propane was listed as an approved clean alternative fuel under the Clean Air Act of 1990.

Myth #9: Propane is a fossil fuel and all fossil fuels are bad.

Fuels aren’t binary. They’re not just clean or dirty, good or bad. They exist on a continuum from very clean to very dirty. Let’s agree that solar and wind are pretty clean energies once they are produced. It’s right to say coal and oil are dirty when they burn, so they’re on the other end of the carbon continuum.

From a carbon standpoint, natural gas is pretty clean, so it sits closer to the cleaner end of the continuum, but natural gas has its own problem. It is methane, and methane is a greenhouse gas just like carbon dioxide, only it’s more than 80 times more potent than carbon dioxide because once in the atmosphere, it absorbs sunlight like a sponge.

You might be surprised to know that propane, made when methane is purified for commercial use, takes its place on the carbon continuum close to the renewables as well, which is why propane is designated a clean energy alternative under the Energy Policy Act of 1992. It’s also not a greenhouse gas in its original state.

Myth #10: Propane's uses are limited. It's mainly for gas grills in people's backyards.

Not at all true! Propane is a versatile alternative fuel classified as an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992. It is used in nearly 12 million U.S. households for residential purposes, and by millions of Americans for transportation, commercial, industrial and agricultural applications. You’ll find propane powering fleets of buses serving schools and National Parks like Acadia and Mammoth Cave. And don’t forget the tens of thousands of forklifts operating in enclosed warehouses where low emissions are highly valued, the thousands of mowers and the myriad high-intensity energy agricultural uses like grain drying.

Myth #11: Gas stoves significantly contribute to poor indoor air quality.

With more people working and cooking at home than ever before, there has been an elevated awareness of indoor air quality. Individuals with pre-existing lung conditions are especially concerned about hazardous air pollutant contributors. We look at ten indoor quality facts, including cooking with propane and natural gas at home and provide helpful tips for improving your overall air quality.

Myth #12: Propane and natural gas are the same.

While propane and natural gas have many similarities, the two fuels are not the same. This video compares natural gas to propane and looks at the three main differences between the two fuels.

Myth #13: Electrifying everything will eliminate carbon in the atmosphere.

Not until the electric grid is 100% renewable. In 2020, 60% of all electrical power generation in the United States came from burning coal or natural gas. Even electrification advocates admit electrifying everything will take over 20 years and cost about $20-$25 trillion. By replacing heavy carbon engines and appliances, clean and renewable energy like propane can accelerate decarbonization today. 

Myth #14: Electric vehicles create no environmental damage.

Most electric vehicles produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline-powered counterparts. However, carbon runs through them in the form of grid electricity, and more than 60% of energy used for grid electricity generation is lost in conversion. Also, as reported in the New York Times, “Like many other batteries, the lithium -ion cells that power most electric vehicles rely on raw materials — like cobalt, lithium and rare earth elements — that have been linked to grave environmental and human rights concerns.”

Myth #15: Small propane canisters can’t be re-used.

Happy to say, “Not true!” The propane industry is continuously innovating at the industrial end of the marketplace as well as for families who want to enjoy a camping trip. Little Kamper’s exchange service is one example. Ignik’s stylish and refillable gas growler is a great new product example. Both provide refillable, no-waste solutions for heat and cooking in the outdoors.

Myth #16: Propane Contains Methane.

False. Propane contains zero methane.

Global warming potential (GWP) is a measure of the relative global warming effects of different gases. The higher the GWP number of a given gas, the more warming of the Earth compared to CO2 over a comparable time period. Carbon dioxide has been designated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as the reference/baseline gas, so it has a GWP of 1. Because of its low carbon chemistry, propane has a GWP of 5, much lower than emissions from other energy sources.

Methane, on the other hand, is the primary component of natural gas and a powerful greenhouse gas. When released into the air, methane is slow to break down and produces a global warming effect 28 times that of CO2 over a 100-year period. Measured over a 20-year period, that ratio grows to 84-86 times more powerful than CO2. The bigger challenge? Scientists, including the Environmental Defense Fund estimate that at least 25% of today’s warming is driven by methane releases.